Wolin National Park was established by the Cabinet’s decision of 3 March 1960. The total area of Wolin National Park is 4844 ha. It includes forests (about 90%), lakes, a cliff seashore, the Bay of Pomerania shore, dune shore and mid-forest clearings.
The most valuable parts of Wolin National Park are the old beech forests, containing such communities as thermophilus beech forests, rich beech forests with Dentaria bulbifera and a very rare type – orchidaceous beech forests, and also pine forests with black crowberry that can be found in coastal regions, mainly in the vicinity of Wisełka. Apart from beech and pine forests one can find different types of mixed oak-pine-beech forests. There, a lot of individual old trees, such as oaks, beeches or pines, have been retained. The „Wolanin” oak, which grows by the shore of the Szczecin Lagoon, is the most magnificent of them.
The vegetation in Wolin National Park is extremely luxuriant.
There are over 1300 species of vascular plants, including a lot of very rare species, such as a postglacial relic, the twinflower, several species of ground pines, xerothermic St. Bernard’s lily, and 16 species of forest orchids. In wetland areas one may find old world royal fern, bog myrtle and many others. The liana – a common honeysuckle – is a characteristic plant here. On the cliff shore there are thick bushes of the common sea-buckthorn. Near the settlements there are magnificent ivies and yews. On the dune shore one can encounter typical species, like sea holly, European searocket, leymus, sea sandwort and many others.
The oldest and best-preserved communities have the form of strict reserves. There are 6 strict reserves within Wolin National Park with a total area of 172 ha:
a) the Dr. Stefan Jarosz Reserve,
b) the Prof. Marian Raciborski Reserve,
c) the Prof. Zygmunt Czubiński Reserve,
d) the Dr. Bohdan Dyakowski Reserve,
e) the Prof. Władysław Szefer Reserve,
f) the Prof. Adam Wodziczka Reserve.
Also the Wolin National Park wildlife is diversified and abundant in numerous, very rare, species. The Park is famous for its plentitude of birds. Over 200 species of birds have been observed here. The white-tailed sea eagle is the symbol of the Wolin National Park. 6 couples nest on the Wolin Island. It is one of the biggest birds of prey in Europe. Apart form the white-tailed sea eagle there are lots of other birds of prey, such as kites, sparrowhawks, harriers, hobbies, hawks, buzzards, numerous species of owls, etc. Because of the differentiated water environments one may find water and marsh and water birds – the mute swan is the biggest of them – numerous species of gulls, such as European herring gulls, black-headed gulls, common gulls, as well as terns, ducks, grebes, moorhens, etc.
Wolin National Park forests are inhabited by some big forest mammal species, such as deer, wild boars, roe deer, foxes, hares, martens, badgers, racoon dogs and many others. The stoats and some species of bats are very rare. 15 years ago the Park’s wildlife was reinforced by the wisent. The world of insects is also extremely interesting.
The Wolin National Park is located on the older, postglacial, part of Wolin Island. It is terminal and lateral moraine with significant heights above sea level (up to 115 m above seal level). The landscape of this part of the island originated about 12 thousand years ago, when the last glacial period shaped the basic morphological forms of the island. Undulated terrain and the presence of numerous postglacial lakes is a characteristic of this region.
Within the Wolin National Park borders there is the Wisent Display Reserve. It is located near Międzyzdroje, in the direction of Warnów. One may get there on foot only (about 1300 m). The Wisent Display Reserve was established in July 1976. It has a closed breeding farm of the wisent of Białowieża. There are 8-12 animals in the herd. The wisent is treated like a historic symbol in Westpomerania. The oldest description of wisent hunting from 1107 comes from here. Bolesław the Wry-Mouthed, during the siege of Szczecin, organised a hunt, during which his knight named Sieciech was killed by a wounded wisent.
The Wisent Display Reserve visiting hours::
1 May – 30 September: 10.00 a.m. – 6.00 p.m. (apart from Mondays)
1 October – 30 April: 8.00 a.m. – 4.00 p.m. (apart from Sundays and Mondays).
discount ticket: PLN 3.00
normal ticket: PLN 5.00
Within the Wolin National Park borders one can follow the following trails:
a) Along the Baltic Shore Trail (red trail) – to the east from Międzyzdroje, via Wisełka to Dziwnów, and to the west to Świnoujście-Warszów,
b) The Szczecin Lagoon Trail (blue trail) – from Międzyzdroje to Wolin Island,
c) The forest trail to the lakes (green trail) – from Międzyzdroje to Kołczewo,
d) Along the Dziwna and the Szczecin Lagoon (green trail) – from Wolin Island to Stepnica,
e) Around Wolin Island (yellow trail),
f) Access Trail from Warowno to the train station (black trail),
g) Nature paths (yellow trail) – from Międzyzdroje to Zielonka.
In the Międzyzdroje centre at Niepodległości Street 3 Prof. Adam Wodziczko Natural History Museum of the Wolin National Park is located. The Park Museum was established in 1962. The area of the 14 exhibition halls amounts to over 400 square metres. The museum exhibition presents Wolin Island’s most characteristic fauna and flora species.
The Wolin National Park Museum visiting hours:
1 May – 30 September: 9.00 a.m. – 5.00 p.m. (apart from Mondays)
1 October – 30 April: 9.00 a.m. – 3.00 p.m. (apart from Sundays and Mondays).
discount ticket: PLN 3.00
normal ticket: PLN 5.00
Additional information and services prices can be found on the website or by calling the number:
Wolin National Park
Niepodległości Street 3a
tel. 91 / 328 07 27 or 328 07 37
fax. 91 / 328 03 57