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The Drawsko and Ińsko LP

In the central part of the Westpomeranian Region two landscape parks are located: The Ińsko landscape Park and The Drawsko Landscape Park.

The Drawsko Landscape Park

The Drawsko Landscape Park was established in 1979. It was created with the aim of protecting the most precious parts of the Drawsko Lakeland in terms of natural, cultural, historical and scenic values. The area of the Park amounts to 41.4 thousand ha, and its buffer zone is over 22 thousand ha.

The landform features of the Drawsko Landscape Park are the result of glacial activity, especially during the Baltic glaciation. In the northern part of the Park there are terminal moraine hills, often crossed with numerous ravines, and the southern part of the Park is abundant in lakes. Also the following features may be considered a natural value of the Drawsko Landscape Park – the presence of many rivers, small streams, marshes, peatlands, forests and also the occurence of many rare species of animals and plants.

The Drawsko Landscape Park is located over a substantial part of the Drawa River reception basin. The many lakes present on this area are among the Park’s biggest attractions. Within the borders of the Drawsko Landscape Park, there are 47 lakes, and in its buffer zone 30. Lake Drawsko is the biggest of them and, at the same time, the second largest lake in Poland (surface: 1871 ha, maximum depth: 79.7 m). Other big lakes in the park are Siecino, Komorze, Wilczkowo, Żerdno and Krosino.

The lakes and rivers of the Drawsko Landscape Park are inhabited by over 30 fish species. The waters also foster the living and breeding of many bird species, especially water and marsh ones. In the park one may observe swans, grebes, ducks, cranes, herons and cormorants. Also some birds of prey, like white-tiled eagle, red kite and lesser spotted eagle, can be seen. The beaver is the mammal species that can be spotted very often.

Within the Drawsko National Park borders there are about 300 natural monuments, like the beech, with a perimeter of 9 m, which grows on Bielawa Island, on Lake Drawsko.

Within the Drawsko Landscape Park borders seven natural reserves have been created:

a) „Lake Czarnówek” reserve (area: 11,88 ha) – water and flower reserve. The aim of establishing the reserve was to preserve the lobelia lake with relic plants.

b) „Torfowisko on Lake Morzysław Mały” reserve (area: 7,57 ha) – peatland and flower reserve. Preservation of carbonate and transitional peatlands with relic-plant populations for scientific and didactic purposes was the aim of establishing the reservation. Its characteristic is the occurrence of nineteen different water plants, helophytes and peatland plant populations over a small area.

c) „Brunatna Gleba” reserve (area: 1,1 ha) – a soil reserve. Preservation of brown soil in unchanged form, together with its typical bedding and undergrowth, was the aim of establishing the reserve.

d) „The Five Lakes Valley” reserve (area: 228,78 ha) – a landscape reserve that includes the most visually-attractive area of the Park, which consists of the initial part of the Drawa River with five lakes surrounded by hills covered with beech forests. The Five Lakes Valley is a part of the so-called Połczyńska Switzerland which is one of the most picturesque spots in the Westpomeranian Region. There are five small lakes located in the valley: Krzywe (Górne), Krąg, (Okrągłe), Długie, Głębokie and Małe. Their total area amounts to 46.52 ha. The Drawa River, whose source is located in the Lake Krzywe region, flows through all the lakes of the valley. It is worth noticing that within the reserve the Drawa is a small watercourse, no wider than 4 m.

e) „Lake Prosino” reserve (area: 81 ha) – an ornithological reserve protecting the living and hatching area of rare water and marsh birds. In the hatching season, among the lakeside vegetation and close to it, we may observe up to 26 bird species.

f) „Green Marshes” reserve (area: 55,38 ha) – peatland reserve where rare mosses may be encountered. There are 72 moss species, including 15 peat-moss species. There is also a great number of rare mountain and northern species.

g) „Torfowisko Toporzyk” reserve (area: 43,07 ha) – peatland and forest reserve. The preservation of peatland and moss communities, with the presence of rare moss species typical of mountain regions, was the aim of establishing this reserve.

Within the Drawsko Landscape Park limits there are many interesting objects of cultural interest. They include historic parks, cemeteries, churches, palaces, residential buildings and also archeological sites in the form of settlement remnants.

 

There are the following tourist trails within Drawsko Landscape Park:

a) the Lakes Trail (green) Złocieniec – Strzeszyn.
b) Forest and landscape trail (red) Połczyn Zdrój – Czaplinek.
c) the Połczyńska Switzerland trail (blue) Połczyn Zdrój – Czaplinek.
d) Nature trail (black) Złocieniec – Połczyn Zdrój.

It is worth adding that the Cardinal Karol Wojtyła canoeing trail goes through the Park.

The Ińsko Landscape Park

The Ińsko Landscape Park was established in 1981. It is characterised by high hills with steep slopes and marshy valleys and ponds. The geological structure of this region, that is undulating areas of end and ground moraines cut by glacial tunnels, foster water accumulation in land depressions. Such bodies of water are readily inhabited by different plant and animal species.

Within the Ińsko National Park there are species endangered in Europe and in the whole world – white stork, red kite, white-tailed sea eagle, corncrake, western marsh harrier, lesser spotted eagle, common and black tern and common kingfisher.

Within the Park’s boundaries one can spot a large group of cranes. Research carried out between 1992 and 1995 showed the concentration of this species to be most numerous in Poland – 51 breeding couples on the 100 km2 surface area. This figure makes the Park one of the areas within Poland which are the most intensively used by cranes during their breeding period.

Within the Ińsko Landscape Park there are five natural reserves:

a) The „Kamienna Buczyna „ reserve (area: 11,37 ha). The aim of this reserve is to protect moraine slopes with fully-developed beech and mixed forest communities by Lake Ińsko, where numerous glacial erratics can be found.

b) The „Wyspa Sołtyski” reserve (area: 22,89 ha). The reserve is located on an island on Lake Ińsko, covered with an over 150-year-old beech and oak forest.

c) The „Głowacz” reserve (area: 78,7 ha).  It covers the moraine hills with Głowacz (180 m above sea level) covered with picturesque forest. By its foot there are unapproachable peatlands and overgrown reservoirs with interesting marsh plants. This area is the perfect refuge for wild game and breeding area of many rare bird species, like the white-tailed sea eagle.

d) The „Bórbagno Miałka” reserve (area: 34,2 ha). The preservation of the marsh forest with rare vascular plants and peat moss species was the aim of establishing the reserve.

e) The „Krzemieńskie Źródliska” reserve (area: 75,94 ha). The preservation of the complex of springs with rare plant species and an animal refuge was the aim of establishing the reserve. The reserve includes the complex of well-preserved spirings, the small Lake Chotom, through which the waters flow down to Lake Krzemień and the forest at the lake’s bank.

Within the Ińsko Landscape Park’s boundaries there are also nine ecological resources:

a) Pełnikowe Meadows,
b) Wilkowe Marsh,
c) Wierzchucice,
d) Ciszewo Marsh,
e) Lutkowskie Ponds,
f) Plateau over Samotnik,
g) Wyszkowa Mountain,
h) Dłuskie Hills,
i) Węgorzyno Corncrake.

The Park’s Administration:

The 1st Local Affairs Department in Złocieniec

the Regional Directorate for Environmental Protection in Szczecin
Dworcowa Street 13
78-520 Złocieniec

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Zadanie współfinansowane ze środków Unii Europejskiej ze środków Europejskiego Funduszu Rozwoju Regionalnego w ramach Regionalnego Programu Operacyjnego Województwa Zachodniopomorskiego na lata 2007-2013.

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